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Constellations

There are 88 official constellations. The constellations are spread throughout the whole celestial sphere, the imaginary sphere in space that surrounds the Earth. Constellations are visible on any clear night. the particular constellations you can see depends on your location, the time of year, and the time of night. As the Earth makes its daily …

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Botany For Survival

Botany is the scientific study of plants. Botany encompasses aspects of the study of all plants, including algae, mosses, ferns, gymnosperms and flowering plants, which may occur on land, in rivers and lakes and the oceans. It includes aspects of plant distribution patterns, genetic relationships, physiology and biochemistry, and plant interactions with each other, animals and different environments. Branches of Botany Plant anatomy Dendrology Plant morphology Plant physiology …

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Materials Science Index

Everything we use in our daily lives is made of material or a combination of materials, including natural materials like wood, bone, straw, wool, cotton – and there is man-made materials like steel, pottery, plastic, semiconductors, concrete, textiles, paper. Materials science is an applied science concerned with the relationship between the structure and properties of …

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Hiking Safety

Learn to use a topographic map, GPS and compass and always carry themTrust your compass. Many people get lost because they don’t believe their compass. Global Positioning Systems (GPS) units have become very affordable and can be extremely useful. However, they are only an aid to navigation and must be used along with a compass and map. Knowing your …

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Navigation

In a survival situation, it is important to be able to determine not only your location, but also the most logical route to help and civilization. If you have even a general idea of where your are, you can increase your chances of surviving your situation. Finding your Bearings Books Night Navigation Map Reading Using …

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Wristwatch

On a sunny day, you can use a non-digital watch as a compass. Hold your watch with the flat bottom parallel to the ground. Turn it, while keeping it parallel, until the hour hand is pointing in the direction of the sun. If it’s morning, you’ll find south about halfway between the hour hand and …

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Glossary P

Pac BootsRubberized, waterproof cold-weather boots with a warm felt liner. Pack Frame (hunting)A backpack with a stout external frame, most often without the accompanying cloth bags, used for freighting meat and other objects that can’t be stuffed inside a backpack. PackhorseA horse used to pack gear, food, and meat. Pack Saddle (hunting)A rigid frame made of wood or metal that is …

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Glossary O

OasisA fertile place in the desert where there is water and some vegetation. ObsidianGlassy dark colored volcanic rock. Usually composed of rhyolite. OceanA large body of salt water that surrounds a continent. Oceans cover more than two-thirds of the Earth’s surface. (see more about oceans) Oceanic Spreading RidgeAn oceanic spreading ridge is the fracture zone along the ocean bottom where …

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Glossary L

LagoonA shallow body of water that is located alongside a coast. LakeA large body of water surrounded by land on all sides. (see world lakes) Laminar FlowThe smooth and regular flow of a fluid in a constant direction without any mixing taking place. Laminated BowA bow made of several layers of different material glued together, usually two layers of fibreglass and …

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Glossary D

Dab (climbing)Touching anything other than the climbing surface in any way, whether intentional or not; it is grounds for immediate termination of a ‘send’ attempt. DamA wall built across a stream or river to hold back water. Dark Timber (hunting) (also called “black timber”)Thick stands of coniferous trees that make good bedding cover for deer and especially elk. In Colorado, dark …

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Glossary C

CagouleA waterproof, ankle length (over- the-head) parka used by mountaineers for bivouacking. Cagoules have well tailored hoods and drawstring hems. The wearer pulls his legs inside, draws the hem tight, and “outlasts” the elements. CairnA stack of rocks used to mark a trail’s route through areas devoid of trees. CalibreA term commonly used to describe …

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Glossary B

BackbarrierFlats Low-lying sandy regions on the landward side of the sand dunes. Often covered with salt-tolerant grasses and shrubs. Backbarrier MarshMarsh formed behind a coastal barrier, often containing significant coarse sediment that has washed in from the seaward side. Back-ClippingA potentially hazardous mistake that can be made while lead climbing. The rope is clipped into a quickdraw such that …

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Survival Glossary A

Glossary A Abalakov ThreadA type of abseiling point used especially in winter and ice climbing. Also called as V-thread. Abaxial (Plants)The surface of a leaf that is facing away from the stem or trunk. It is situated away or outward from the axis. Abiotic factorsThe nonliving components of the environment that directly affect plant and animal life, such as water, carbon dioxide, …

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29 Everyday Items You Can Use as Survival Items

The art of survival is one of the most important things to master in life. Survivalism is also a growing industry, and there are tons of tools, weapons, and information available. However, in addition to survival items and tools you can buy, there are tons of everyday survival items surrounding you. Once you understand more …

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