Does the idea of learning how to live off the grid and waking up to mother nature’s serene sights and sounds seem like the dream lifestyle to you?
Then you should consider the concept of off grid living. With the multitude of options to switch to an off-grid lifestyle, the transition can be much easier than you think. This guide outlines all there is to know about life off-grid to help you truly understand what it entails.
What Does Living Off the Grid Mean?
A modern off-grid lifestyle means living without public utilities like water, grid power, gas, and sewer systems. Instead, you’re in charge of sourcing and managing these and any other utility-based needs you have.
Overall, off grid living involves some level of autonomy from these resources. However, the exact details of such a lifestyle differ for each person or family.
Some people make these choices because they want to live in nature, while others just want to escape pollution in busy cities. Some off-grid enthusiasts still want to work remotely and stay partially connected to the world, while others wish to disengage entirely.
There are as many reasons for going off-grid as there are people interested in it. Although some things, like the expenses incurred, are common for everyone.
How Much Would It Cost to Live Off the Grid?
If you want to live comfortably off the grid, you will spend money on things like:
- Buying a plot of land
- Building your grid home
- Setting up and generating your own power
- Drilling a private well
- Installing septic systems
- Creating heating solutions
- Cultivating a garden
- And more
This list is a good place to start if you’re trying to nail down a budget before you take this big step.
The costs associated with all these tasks can be as low or as high as you want. If you are living alone with just the basics, you won’t need to shell out too much to get started. But if you’re going to live off-grid with your family, you will need to invest more time, money, and resources in your setup.
Fortunately, everything you invest in off grid living will pay off in the long term.
Is It Illegal to Live Off the Grid?
Off grid living is not illegal. As long as you live on your own parcels of land, have all the permits required, and follow the local laws and regulations, you do not have to worry about legal issues.
Is Living Off the Grid the Same as Self-sufficiency?
Self-sufficiency involves some elements of off grid living, such as collecting water and growing your own food. However, it does not strictly necessitate going off the grid in terms of public utilities and traditional energy sources.
Your Checklist for How to Live off the Grid
This checklist is an excellent place to start grid living preparation, whether you’re going fully off-grid or just trying to be self-sufficient.
Working on a Solution to Live Debt Free
Before you can jump into off grid living, pay off your debts. The off-grid life might not provide as many opportunities to make money, so settle all your obligations first.
Cut down on expenses, downsize your belongings, and set aside as much money as possible.
Finding an Off-Grid Land
Unless you’re embracing a nomadic lifestyle, you’ll need a permanent piece of land to build your homestead for off grid living.
One of the most important steps in learning how to live off the grid is finding affordable land will take time. Closely consider the following:
- Risk of flooding and drought
- Susceptibility to natural disasters
- Development plans
- Seasonal changes
- Soil health
- Road access in winter
- Potential for solar energy and rainwater collection systems
- Water access
- Water rights and laws
- Zoning and permitting restrictions for construction sites
- Building permit and codes
- And more.
Contact a land surveyor and discuss your plans to avoid grid living mistakes.
Learning Useful Life Skills
You must learn many survival skills if you want to live close to nature, all of which are crucial when you live off grid power.
Don’t step into off grid living without reading and trying these out for yourself. As you save money and look for land, study everything you will need for survival.
Developing a Source of Water
Another essential thing to prepare for is access to a clean off grid water supply, and a means for storage.
You could look for land near a water body and fetch your water from there, but it may not be a convenient option in the long term. You cannot depend on a single water source for all your needs.
Other common practices include drilling private wells or rainwater catchment. While rain water might seem like an obvious solution, it is not legal in all states. And once you know how or where to collect water, you must set up a water filtration and storage system.
Calculate how much water your family and the grid house will need daily, then look up how much rain you can expect in your area throughout the year. These numbers should tell you if you need large storage tanks or a robust collection system.
It’s best to find a different water source for various uses and take stock of them separately. You may have to plan and set up a water transport system. Consult a professional to develop these plans and ensure you will have all the water you need.
It is best to prepare an emergency tank to access safe drinking water in desperate times. Your setup should include a water heating solution if you live in a cold region.
Building an Off-Grid Place to Live
A habitable grid homestead is crucial for shelter and safety against the elements. It is also the only place you can rest comfortably at night.
You can begin by creating a budget for your ideal living space. Then research building materials, floor plans, living space required, and the features you need for all the people who will live in it.
These details will influence whether you can build your shelter yourself or get professional help. Hiring contractors and builders will naturally require a higher budget, but DIY involves a lot of planning, preparation, and risk. You must learn about woodwork and engineering and plan every single detail of the construction process.
Not all off-grid enthusiasts want to live in permanent grid homes. Some may prefer to live in a trailer, camper, or RV so they can travel.
There is no one-size-fits-all solution for everyone who wants to live off the grid. The options are plenty, and the one you settle for should suit your preferences, priorities, and available resources.
Constructing the Right Waste Management System
Dealing with sewage is another important element of off grid living. You can choose to invest in systems like a septic tank, compostable toilet, or outhouse.
A septic tank is a great way to treat sewage, but it is also relatively expensive. Consider alternatives like biogas, humanure, or gray water systems.
With composting and recycling, you can minimize your waste and put it to good use. You can use organic material for your farm’s soil amendment.
If you’re willing to experiment more with waste management options, there are many types of off-grid toilets to consider.
Waste management systems need constant surveillance and maintenance, so you should know all about troubleshooting your chosen system.
Installation of Solar, Wind, or Micro Hydro Power
Are you wondering how to live off the grid without access to public utilities? You must find ways to access or generate your own electrical power. Electricity is crucial for comfortable living no matter where you are in the world, especially if you need internet access for working or studying remotely.
You’ll be responsible for sourcing and managing the energy required to power your home. Even if you have very few appliances in your off-grid setup, you still need power for emergencies or daily necessities like hot water.
Solar power is the most common option since solar access is easy in most locations. But you’ll also need a backup source like a generator for emergency electrical power, especially if you have devices to charge up.
If solar is not a good option in your location, a wind turbine or micro hydropower are the next best grid energy sources. You can also go for hybrid energy systems like:
- Compost or biogas
- Manure or burning
- Wood stove
While installing and setting up these systems require a significant investment, it is the most cost-effective decision you’ll be making in the long term.
After power generation, storage is the next big task. Like your water needs, you must calculate your daily power requirements. You can heat and cook food without electricity—there are many alternatives available. But what about your water filtration and waste management systems?
You should also factor in the changing seasons and your insulation and heating needs during the colder months.
With spacious grid properties and ideal climate conditions, you can also raise livestock off-grid.
You can begin with a few chickens for eggs or a goat or cow. Once you’re confident and experienced, you can take on more poultry, pigs, cows, and more for meat.
The more animals you bring in, the more parcels of land, planning, and work you’ll need to do for care and maintenance.
Building Winter/Emergency Food Supply
When you go off the grid, you can’t escape nature. And one of the most challenging experiences you will face will be long winters or emergencies when you need to live entirely on food storage. Preparing your food and storing it properly will set you up ahead of time.
How to live off grid and prepare for such emergencies? Dedicate a specific space for your emergency food supply and create the ideal storage conditions (50 degrees Fahrenheit).
Means of Transport
No matter how thoroughly you prepare for off grid living, you will not always have everything you need in your shed or cabin. You will need to travel occasionally, whether it’s for medical supplies, groceries, or even emergencies.
It’s best to have some type of vehicle on hand for these situations. Choose one based on the number of people you’re living with, how often you will need to travel, the nearest commercial area, and the terrain you will cross.
Setting Up Your Garden
You need to maintain a healthy garden space to grow at least some of your food. After all, you can’t hunt or fish for all your nutrition—you also need fruits and vegetables.
You can start with a few raised beds or a small greenhouse to create a bountiful garden. Read up on the best crops to grow in your region and what you need to ensure a good harvest.
Off grid living doesn’t mean you need to settle for rations or go on a permanent diet. Calculate the food requirements of everyone living with you, then plan the garden space and plant the crops accordingly.
Benefits of Off Grid Living
- Peace from living close to nature
- No pollution
- Living a self-sufficient life
- Living a purposeful life
- Reduced carbon footprint
- Reduced waste
- Reduced energy expenses
Frequently Asked Questions About How To Live off the Grid
Do I need to pay taxes when living off the grid?
You need to pay property taxes if you own the land. Additionally, any business you run on the property or things you produce and sell involves income tax.
What are the most popular states for off grid living?
Here are the 10 most popular states where you can live off the grid in the United States:
- North Carolina
- New York
Wrapping up How to Live Off the Grid
Learning how to live off the grid is a challenging endeavor even for the most hardcore adventurers. With proper research and preparation, you will have everything you need to live safely and comfortably.
To learn more about how to live off the grid, visit Survival World!