Glossary Of Terms

Glossary P

Pac BootsRubberized, waterproof cold-weather boots with a warm felt liner. Pack Frame (hunting)A backpack with a stout external frame, most often without the accompanying cloth bags, used for freighting meat and other objects that can’t be stuffed inside a backpack. PackhorseA horse used to pack gear, food, and meat. Pack Saddle (hunting)A rigid frame made of wood or metal that is …

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Glossary O

OasisA fertile place in the desert where there is water and some vegetation. ObsidianGlassy dark colored volcanic rock. Usually composed of rhyolite. OceanA large body of salt water that surrounds a continent. Oceans cover more than two-thirds of the Earth’s surface. (see more about oceans) Oceanic Spreading RidgeAn oceanic spreading ridge is the fracture zone along the ocean bottom where …

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Glossary N

Nail Knot (knots)A knot used to tie together two lines of significantly different diameters. Also called a Needle Knot. Natural ResourceMaterials that come from the earth and can be used by living things, for example: water, oil, and minerals. Neap Tide (ocean)A tide occurring near the time of quadrature of the moon with the sun. The neap tide range is usually 10- …

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Glossary M

Magnetic NorthThe geographical region towards which all magnetic needles point. The point is approximately 1,300 miles south of true north. Main Beam (hunting)The length of the antler from the base of the skull to the natural tip of the antlers. MalariaUsually transmitted to humans by mosquitoes, malaria can cause fever, shivering, joint pain, vomiting, anemia, and convulsions, …

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Glossary L

LagoonA shallow body of water that is located alongside a coast. LakeA large body of water surrounded by land on all sides. (see world lakes) Laminar FlowThe smooth and regular flow of a fluid in a constant direction without any mixing taking place. Laminated BowA bow made of several layers of different material glued together, usually two layers of fibreglass and …

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Glossary K

KarstsAn irregular area of limestone in which erosion has produced fissures, sinkholes, underground streams and caverns. KatabaticA wind flowing down valley sides and floors, usually as air cools, condenses and sinks at night. Kerf (camping)A cut made by an axe, saw, etc. KindlingSmall pieces of dry wood used to start a campfire. KinematicKinematic refers to the general movement patterns and directions of the …

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Glossary J

Jaw (hunting)A part of a steel trap that comes together because of the action of the springs. Jaw SpreadThe distance between the inside of both jaws of a trap when measured across the trap jaws on a line perpendicular to a line drawn through the jaw pivot points when the trap is in a set position. …

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Glossary I

Ice AgeInterval of geologic time between 2 million and 10,000 years ago during which the northern hemisphere experienced several episodes of continental glacial advance and retreat along with a climatic cooling. The icing over of Antarctica was also completed during this time. Iceberg (see more about icebergs)A large mass of floating ice that has broken off from a glacier, most of this …

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Glossary H

HabitatA place in which a plant or an animal lives. Halyard (boating)A rope used to pull up a sail. HarborA sheltered area of water where ships may anchor safely. HarpoonA barbed spear used in hunting large fish. Hawser (boating)A larger diameter rope used for towing large vessels & barges. Heat LightningLightning that can be seen, but is …

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Glossary G

GangreneThe death of body tissue due to bacterial infection or the lack of blood circulation. Gangrene results from surgery or in extreme situations where an individual is pinned under a fallen object and blood flow is disrupted for long periods of time. GaugeA measurement used to communicate the potency of a shotgun. The term refers …

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