Countries Of The World

Language Spoken (translator)
AfghanistanDari Persian, Pashtu (both official), other Turkic and minor languages
AlbaniaAlbanian (Tosk is the official dialect), Greek
AlgeriaArabic (official), French, Berber dialects
AndorraCatalán (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese
AngolaPortuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages
AnguillaEnglish
Antigua and BarbudaEnglish (official), local dialects
ArgentinaSpanish (official), English, Italian, German, French
ArmeniaArmenian 98%, Yezidi, Russian
ArubaDutch and Papiamento
Ascension IslandEnglish
AustraliaEnglish 79%, native and other languages
AustriaGerman (official nationwide); Slovene, Croatian, Hungarian (each official in one region)
AzerbaijanAzerbaijani Turkic 89%, Russian 3%, Armenian 2%, other 6% (1995 est.)
BahamasEnglish (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants)
BahrainArabic, English, Farsi, Urdu
BangladeshBangla (official), English
BarbadosEnglish
BelarusBelorussian (White Russian), Russian, other
BelgiumDutch (Flemish) 60%, French 40%, German less than 1% (all official)
BelizeEnglish (official), Spanish, Mayan, Garifuna (Carib), Creole
BeninFrench (official), Fon, Yoruba, tribal languages
BermudaEnglish
BhutanDzongkha (official), Tibetan dialects (among Bhotes), Nepalese dialects (among Nepalese)
BoliviaSpanish, Quechua, Aymara (all official)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnian, Croatian, Serbian
BotswanaEnglish 2% (official), Setswana 78%, Kalanga 8%, Sekgalagadi 3%, other (2001)
BrazilPortuguese (official), Spanish, English, French
BruneiMalay (official), English, Chinese
BulgariaBulgarian 85%, Turkish 10%, Roma 4%
Burkina FasoFrench (official); native African (Sudanic) languages 90%
BurundiKirundi and French (official), Swahili
CambodiaKhmer 95% (official), French, English
CameroonFrench, English (both official); 24 major African language groups
CanadaEnglish 59.3%, French 23.2% (both official); other 17.5%
Cape VerdePortuguese, Criuolo
Cayman IslandsEnglish
Central African RepublicFrench (official), Sangho (lingua franca, national), tribal languages
ChadFrench, Arabic (both official); Sara; more than 120 languages and dialects
ChileSpanish
ChinaChinese(official), English(Hongkong), Portuguese(Macao),Tibetan(Tibet), minority languages
ColombiaSpanish
ComorosArabic and French (both official), Shikomoro (Swahili/Arabic blend)
CongoFrench (official), Lingala, Monokutuba, Kikongo, many local languages and dialects
Congo, Democratic Republic ofFrench (official), Lingala, Kingwana, Kikongo, Tshiluba
Cook IslandsEnglish,Penrhyn, Pukapuka,Rakahanga-Manihiki, Rarotongan
Costa RicaSpanish (official), English
Cote D’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)French (official) and African languages (Dioula esp.)
CroatiaCroatian 96% (official), other 4% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, German)
CubaSpanish
CyprusGreek, Turkish (both official); English
Czech RepublicCzech
DenmarkDanish, Faroese, Greenlandic (Inuit dialect), German; English is the predominant second language
DjiboutiFrench and Arabic (both official), Somali, Afar
DominicaEnglish (official) and French patois
Dominican RepublicSpanish
East TimorTetum, Portuguese (official); Bahasa Indonesia, English; other indigenous languages, including Tetum, Galole, Mambae, and Kemak
EcuadorSpanish (official), Quechua, other Amerindian languages
EgyptArabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
El SalvadorSpanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)
Equatorial GuineaSpanish, French (both official); pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo
EritreaAfar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languagesEstonian 67% (official), Russian 30%, other (2000)
EstoniaEstonian 67% (official), Russian 30%, other (2000)
EthiopiaAmharic, Tigrigna, Orominga, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, English, over 70 others
Falkland IslandsEnglish
Faroe IslandsFaroese, Danish
FijiEnglish (official), Fijian, Hindustani
FinlandFinnish 92%, Swedish 6% (both official); small Sami- (Lapp) and Russian-speaking minorities
FranceFrench 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects (Provençal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)
French GuianaFrench, Guianese Creole
French PolynesiaFrench
GabonFrench (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi
GambiaEnglish (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous
GeorgiaGeorgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azerbaijani 6%, other 7% (Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia)
GermanyGerman
GhanaEnglish (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga)
GibraltarEnglish, Spanish
GreeceGreek 99% (official), English, French
GreenlandDanish,Greenlandic (Inuit dialect)
GrenadaEnglish (official), French patois
GuadeloupeFrench,Creole patios
GuamEnglish
GuatemalaSpanish 60%, Amerindian languages 40% (23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca)
GuernseyEnglish, French,Dgèrnésiais,Sercquiais,Auregnais
GuineaFrench (official), native tongues (Malinké, Susu, Fulani)
Guinea-BissauPortuguese (official), Criolo, African languages
GuyanaEnglish (official), Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu
HaitiCreole and French (both official)
HondurasSpanish (official), Amerindian dialects; English widely spoken in business
HungaryMagyar (Hungarian) 94%, other 6%
IcelandIcelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
IndiaHindi 30%, English, Bengali, Gujarati, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Kannada, Assamese, Sanskrit, Sindhi (all official); Hindi/Urdu; 1,600+ dialects
IndonesiaBahasa Indonesia (official), English, Dutch, Javanese, and more than 580 other languages and dialects
IranPersian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%
IraqArabic (official), Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Assyrian, Armenian
IrelandEnglish, Irish (Gaelic) (both official)
Isle of ManManx Gaelic and English
IsraelHebrew (official), Arabic, English
ItalyItalian (official); German-, French-, and Slovene-speaking minorities
JamaicaEnglish, Jamaican Creole
JapanJapanese
JerseyEnglish,French,Jèrriais
JordanArabic (official), English
KazakhstanKazak (Qazaq, state language) 64%; Russian (official, used in everyday business) 95% (2001 est.)
KenyaEnglish (official), Swahili (national), and numerous indigenous languages
KiribatiEnglish (official), I-Kiribati (Gilbertese)
Korea (North)Korean
Korea (South)Korean, English widely taught
KosovoAlbanian
KuwaitArabic (official), English
KyrgyzstanKyrgyz, Russian (both official)
LaosLao (official), French, English, various ethnic languages
LatviaLatvian 58% (official), Russian 38%, Lithuanian, other (2000)
LebanonArabic (official), French, English, Armenian
LesothoEnglish, Sesotho (both official); Zulu, Xhosa
LiberiaEnglish 20% (official), some 20 ethnic-group languages
LibyaArabic, Italian, and English widely understood in major citiesGerman (official), Alemannic dialect
LiechtensteinGerman (official), Alemannic dialect
LithuaniaLithuanian 82% (official), Russian 8%, Polish 6% (2001)
LuxembourgLuxermbourgish (national) French, German (both administrative)
MacedoniaMacedonian 67%, Albanian 25% (both official); Turkish 4%, Roma 2%, Serbian 1% (2002)
MadagascarMalagasy and French (both official)
MalawiChichewa 57.2% (official), Chinyanja 12.8%, Chiyao 10.1%, Chitumbuka 9.5%, Chisena 2.7%, Chilomwe 2.4%, Chitonga 1.7%, other 3.6% (1998)
MalaysiaMalay(official), English, Chinese, Tamil, Telugu, minority languages.Maldivian Dhivehi (official); English spoken by most government officials
MaldivesMaldivian Dhivehi (official); English spoken by most government officials
MaliFrench (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages
MaltaMaltese and English (both official)
Marshall IslandsMarshallese 98% (two major dialects from the Malayo-Polynesian family), English widely spoken as a second language (both official); Japanese
MartiniqueFrench, Martinique Creole
MauritaniaHassaniya Arabic (official), Pulaar, Soninke, French, Wolof
MauritiusEnglish less than 1% (official), Creole 81%, Bojpoori 12%, French 3% (2000)
MexicoSpanish, various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional indigenous languages
MicronesiaEnglish(official), Chukese, Pohnpeian, Yapase, other languages.
MoldovaMoldovan (official; virtually the same as Romanian), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
MonacoFrench (official), English, Italian, Monégasque
MongoliaMongolian, 90%; also Turkic and Russian (1999)
MontenegroSerbian/Montenegrin (Ijekavian dialect—official)
MontserratEnglish, Montserrat Creole
MoroccoArabic (official), Berber dialects, French often used for business, government, and diplomacy
MozambiquePortuguese 9% (official; second language of 27%), Emakhuwa 26%, Xichangana 11%, Elomwe 8%, Cisena 7%, Echuwabo 6%, other Mozambican languages 32% (1997)
MyanmarBurmese, minority languages
NamibiaEnglish 7% (official), Afrikaans is common language of most of the population and of about 60% of the white population, German 32%; indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama
NauruNauruan (official), English
NepalNepali 48% (official), Maithali 12%, Bhojpuri 7%, Tharu 6%, Tamang 5%, others. English spoken by many in government and business (2001)
NetherlandsDutch, Frisian (both official)
Netherlands AntillesDutch,English,Netherlands Antilles Creole, Papiamentu
New CaledoniaFrench, Austronesian dialect
New ZealandEnglish, Maori (both official)
NicaraguaSpanish 98% (official); English and indigenous languages on Atlantic coast (1995)
NigerFrench (official), Hausa, Djerma
NigeriaEnglish (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Ibo, Fulani, and more than 200 others
NiueNiuean, English
Norfolk IslandEnglish, Norfolk
Northern Mariana IslandsEnglish(official),Chamorro, Carolinian (86%)
NorwayBokmål Norwegian, Nynorsk Norwegian (both official); small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities (Sami is official in six municipalities)
OmanArabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects
PakistanUrdu 8%, English (both official); Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, Burushaski, and others 8%
PalauPalauan 64.7%, English 9.4%, Filipino, Chinese, other languages.
Palestinian TerritoryArabic, Hebrew, English
PanamaSpanish (official), English 14%, many bilingual
Papua New GuineaTok Pisin (Melanesian Pidgin, the lingua franca), Hiri Motu (in Papua region), English 1%–2%; 715 indigenous languages
ParaguaySpanish, Guaraní (both official)
PeruSpanish, Quéchua (both official); Aymara; many minor Amazonian languages
PhilippinesFilipino (based on Tagalog), English (both official); eight major dialects: Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinense
PitcairnEnglish,Pitcairn-Norfolk
PolandPolish 98% (2002)
PortugalPortuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)
Puerto RicoEnglish, Puerto Rican Sigh, Spanish
QatarArabic (official); English a common second language
ReunionFrench, Reunionnaise Creole
RomaniaRomanian (official), Hungarian, German
RussiaRussian, others
RwandaKinyarwanda, French, and English (all official); Kiswahili in commercial centers
Saint HelenaEnglish
Saint Kitts and NevisEnglish
Saint LuciaEnglish (official), French patois
Saint Pierre and MiquelonFrench
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesEnglish, French patois
SamoaSamoan, English
Samoa (U.S.)English,Samoan
San MarinoItalian
Sao Tome and PrincipePortuguese (official)
Saudi ArabiaArabic
SenegalFrench (official); Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
SerbiaSerbian (official)
SeychellesSeselwa Creole 92%, English 5%, French (all official) (2002)
Sierra LeoneEnglish (official), Mende (southern vernacular), Temne (northern vernacular), Krio (lingua franca)
SingaporeMandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000)
SlovakiaSlovak 84% (official), Hungarian 11%, Roma 2%, Ukrainian 1% (2001)
SloveniaSlovenian 91%, Serbo-Croatian 5% (2002)
Solomon IslandsEnglish 1%–2% (official), Melanesian pidgin (lingua franca), 120 indigenous languages
SomaliaSomali (official), Arabic, English, Italian
South AfricaIsiZulu 23.8%, IsiXhosa 17.6%, Afrikaans 13.3%, Sepedi 9.4%, English 8.2%, Setswana 8.2%, Sesotho 7.9%, Xitsonga 4.4%, other 7.2% (2001)
SpainCastilian Spanish 74% (official nationwide); Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2% (each official regionally)
Sri LankaSinhala 74% (official and national), Tamil 18% (national), other 8%; English is commonly used in government and spoken competently by about 10%
SudanArabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English
SurinameDutch (official), Surinamese (lingua franca), English widely spoken, Hindustani, Javanese
SwazilandEnglish, siSwati (both official)
SwedenSwedish, small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
SwitzerlandGerman 64%, French 20%, Italian 7% (all official); Romansch 0.5% (national)
SyriaArabic (official); Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian widely understood; French, English somewhat understood
TaiwanChinese (Mandarin, official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects
TajikistanTajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business
TanzaniaSwahili, English (both official); Arabic; many local languages
ThailandThai (Siamese), English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects
TogoFrench (official, commerce); Ewé, Mina (south); Kabyé, Dagomba (north); and many dialects
TokelauEnglish, Tokelauan
TongaTongan (an Austronesian language), English
Trinidad and TobagoEnglish (official), Hindi, French, Spanish, Chinese
Tristan da CunhaEnglish
TunisiaArabic (official, commerce), French (commerce)
TurkeyTurkish (official), Kurdish, Dimli, Azeri, Kabardian
TurkmenistanTurkmen 72%; Russian 12%; Uzbek 9%, other 7%
Turks and Caicos IslandsEnglish, Bahamian Creole
TuvaluTuvaluan, English, Samoan, Kiribati (on the island of Nui)
UgandaEnglish (official), Ganda or Luganda, other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic
UkraineUkrainian 67%, Russian 24%, Romanian, Polish, Hungarian
United Arab EmiratesArabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
United KingdomEnglish, Welsh, Scots Gaelic
United StatesEnglish 82%, Spanish 11% (2000)
UruguaySpanish, Portunol, or Brazilero
UzbekistanUzbek 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%
VanuatuBislama 23% (a Melanesian pidgin English), English 2%, French 1% (all 3 official); more than 100 local languages 73%
VaticanItalian, Latin, French, various other languages
VenezuelaSpanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects
Viet NamVietnamese (official); English (increasingly favored as a second language); some French, Chinese, Khmer; mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
Virgin Islands (British)English
Virgin Islands (U.S.)English
Wallis and FutunaFrench, Futuna, Wallisian
Western SaharaHassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic
YemenArabic
ZambiaEnglish (official); major vernaculars: Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga; about 70 other indigenous languages
ZimbabweEnglish (official), Shona, Ndebele (Sindebele), numerous minor tribal dialects