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Survival First Aid

First aid can help someone survive and function with injuries that would otherwise disable, incapacitate, or possibly kill them. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medial advice, emergency treatment or formal first-aid training. If available, for any condition you should always try to seek professional medical attention. Altitude Sickness Fainting Mouth-to-Mouth …

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Sunstroke occurs, when the sun shines on a person’s head and parts of the neck for a long period of time. Unlike sunburns, which are caused by overexposure to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) radiation, a sunstroke is the product of the sun’s long waves which produce heat (heat radiation). When experiencing a sunstroke, the body fails …

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Sunburn is the term for red, sometimes swollen and painful skin. It is caused by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun. Sunburn can vary from mild to severe. The extent depends on skin type and amount of exposure to the sun. It may take 12 to 24 hours after sun exposure to know …

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Splinters are foreign bodies that are partially or fully embedded in the skin. Splinters usually are wood, but metal, glass, and plastic materials may be considered a splinter. To Remove a Splinter: Wash your hands thoroughly before attempting to remove the splinter. Before trying more invasive method, squeeze the splinter from both sides and the …

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Snow Blindness

Snow blindness is the effect that glare from an ice field or snowfield has on the eyes. It is more likely to occur in hazy, cloudy weather than when the sun is shining. Glare from the sun will cause an individual to instinctively protect his eyes. However, in cloudy weather, he may be overconfident and …

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Shock may result from trauma, heatstroke, allergic reactions, severe infection, poisoning, or other causes. Shock is essentially a decrease in blood flow to the brain and other important organs. When shock occurs internal organs don’t receive enough oxygen and have difficulty functioning. Types of shock Hemorrhagic (resulting from the loss of blood) Metabolic (resulting from profound …

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Rapid Deceleration Syndrome. Military term for the very sudden illness that happens at the end of a long fall.

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How To Check Your Pulse

Pulse rate is the number of times a person’s heart beats in one minute. Normal values for pulse rate depend on the person’s age and fitness level. A normal pulse rate for a fit and healthy adult, while resting, can range from 60 to 100 beats per minute (BPM), although athletes who are highly conditioned …

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Nose Bleed

A nosebleed can be scary to get – or see – but try to stay calm. Most nosebleeds look much worse than they really are. The nose has many blood vessels in it to help warm and humidify the air you breathe. These vessels lie close to the surface, making them easy to injure. If …

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Motion Sickness

Motion sickness can happen from any kind of movement, a moving boat, train, airplane, car,etc. Motion sickness is caused by a conflict between your senses. A fluid filled canal in your inner ear that controls your sense of balance tells your brain that your body is moving, while your eyes tell your brain that you …

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Immersion Syndrome

Immersion syndrome is caused by prolonged exposure to wet conditions at temperatures from 50 degrees F to 32 degrees F (10 degrees C to 0″ C). Immersion foot, trench foot, and trench hand are types of immersion syndrome injuries. Signs of immersion syndrome include blisters, swelling, redness, skin hot to the touch, and bleeding. Immersion syndrome …

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Hypothermia is a condition where the body becomes dangerously cold. It can be caused by brief exposure to extreme cold, prolonged exposure to mild cold, from being cold and wet, or under cold water for too long. In cold weather, your body may lose heat faster than you can produce it. Hypothermia occurs when a person’s …

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Urticaria, also known as hives, is an outbreak of swollen, pale red bumps or plaques (wheals) on the skin that appear suddenly — either as a result of the body’s adverse reaction to certain allergens (insect stings, sunlight exposure, etc.) or for unknown reasons. Hives usually cause itching, but may also burn or sting. They can …

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