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A match is a narrow piece of cardboard or wood coated on one end with a compound that will ignite when scratched against a rough or chemically treated surface. Once struck, the friction will generate enough heat to ignite the compound chemicals and produce a flame.

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Long Fire

The long fire is a versatile, multi-purpose fire lay. The long fire begins as a trench, the length of which is layed to take advantage of existing wind. The long fire can also be built above ground using two parallel green logs to hold the coals together. These logs should be at least six inches in diameter …

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Keyhole Fire

A keyhole fire is made in a keyhole-shaped fire ring, and is used for cooking. The large round area is used to build a fire in order to create coals. As coals develop, they are scraped into the long thin end of the ring to cook.

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Flint and Steel

When struck against steel, flint will produce sparks, which when directed onto tinder, can be used to start a fire. When the hard flint strikes the steel, it shears off a small sliver of steel. This tiny particle is heated by the impact between the flint and steel and burns with oxygen from the atmosphere. Materials: Flint – Flint can be …

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Fire Safety

Build fires downwind and well away from a flammable shelter. Maintain at least a three-foot clear area, free of leaves, dry grass, pine needles, etc., around the fire. Store extra firewood / tinder at least 6 feet away from the burning fire. Store flammable liquids outside and well away from your shelter. Build fires away from overhanging branches, steep slopes, …

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Fire Ring

Creating a fire ring will help contain your fire. Choose an area in a clearing so that you can keep sparks away from trees or brush. Clear a spot for The circle of rocks. Remove sticks and branches or anything that may catch fire from stray sparks. Collect large, dry rocks to encircle your fire. …

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Fire Plow

This technique requires determination, but works well. Find a piece of softwood for your plow board, about 118 inches long and roughly 2 inches wide. Willow and poplar trees work well and are commonly found near streams and rivers. Use a knife or sharp rock edge to carve a groove about an inch wide and …

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Fire Piston

A fire piston, sometimes called a fire syringe, or a slam rod fire starter, is a device of ancient origin which is used to kindle fire. It uses the principle of the heating of a gas (in this case air) by its rapid compression to ignite a piece of tinder, which is then used to set …

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Fire Lighting

The ability of knowing how to light a fire is an important skill and can be a lifesaver. In a survival situation you may find yourself without matches, cigarette lighters, etc. It is important to be aware of the many different methods of fire lighting. Some methods may force you to make use of natural materials, …

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Fire Building For Survival

There are many different ways to build a fire. Here is a list of many different configurations. A-Frame Gilwell Fire Pyramid Altar Fire Hand Torch Reflector Fire Base for Fire in Snow Heat Reflector Signal Fire Beach Pit Fire Hinters fire Star Fire Bean hole Fire Hunter’s Fire Straight Fire Wall Bonfire Imu Stump Fire …

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Ferrocerium Rods

Ferrocerium is a man-made metallic material that has the ability to give off a large number of hot sparks when scraped against a rough surface, such as ridged steel. It is also commonly called ferro rod and most commonly of all, mistakenly, flint (particularly in cigarette lighters). As tinder-igniting campfire starter rods it is sold …

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Criss Cross Fire

A crisscross fire, or council fire, is one of the best fire lays for cooking. This fire produces a large, deep bed of coals and is easy to maintain for long periods. It is built with layers of fuel crisscrossed at right angles to each other. To make a crisscross fire, place two logs on the ground parallel to …

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Char Cloth

Char Cloth, or (Charred Cloth) is one of the best materials for catching a spark. Char cloth is a cloth (linen or cotton) that has been combusted in the absence of oxygen. You can use jeans, t-shirts, etc. Don’t use synthetic fabrics as these materials do not char and have a tendency to melt. Process:Any …

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