Fire Site Selection

You will have to choose what site to use before you build a fire. You want to select a site that is protected from the wind, sheltered and has a supply of wood or other fuel available. Your site should also be suitably placed in relation to your shelter (if any). There should be nothing nearby that could catch fire. …

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Reflector Fire

No matter what you call it, windbreak, heat reflector or fire wall, this simple structure is used to direct heat, protect your fire and minimize wind. Reflectors can be built using rocks, snow, green wood, ice; basically any flat surface will work. Any fire style can double as a reflector fire, Just place the reflector wall behind …

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Punk Wood

Found in the middle of rotten logs, punk wood is in the process of rotting but hasn’t turned soft. It can be obtained by knocking or kicking apart rotten logs. It can be broken with the fingers but doesn’t crumble. Punk wood is very light in weight, but still fairly firm. If dried out, it …

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Petroleum Jelly

Out of the many fire starters, petroleum jelly balls are one of the favorites. They are small, lightweight, and burn for a long time. They are also waterproof! The first ingredient is a material that is fluffy and fibrous like a cotton ball, dryer lint, cattail down, dried grasses, etc. This, combined with run-of-the-mill Petroleum …

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Metal Match

A metal match, aka firesteel, is often confused with flint and steel. It is similar to the flint used in a cigarette lighter, but much bigger. Most metal matches are made from a mixture of metals and rare earth elements. The mixture is alloyed at a high temperature and then shaped into rods of various diameters. The rods …

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A match is a narrow piece of cardboard or wood coated on one end with a compound that will ignite when scratched against a rough or chemically treated surface. Once struck, the friction will generate enough heat to ignite the compound chemicals and produce a flame.

Long Fire

The long fire is a versatile, multi-purpose fire lay. The long fire begins as a trench, the length of which is layed to take advantage of existing wind. The long fire can also be built above ground using two parallel green logs to hold the coals together. These logs should be at least six inches in diameter …

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Keyhole Fire

A keyhole fire is made in a keyhole-shaped fire ring, and is used for cooking. The large round area is used to build a fire in order to create coals. As coals develop, they are scraped into the long thin end of the ring to cook.

Flint and Steel

When struck against steel, flint will produce sparks, which when directed onto tinder, can be used to start a fire. When the hard flint strikes the steel, it shears off a small sliver of steel. This tiny particle is heated by the impact between the flint and steel and burns with oxygen from the atmosphere. Materials: Flint – Flint can be …

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Fire Safety

Build fires downwind and well away from a flammable shelter. Maintain at least a three-foot clear area, free of leaves, dry grass, pine needles, etc., around the fire. Store extra firewood / tinder at least 6 feet away from the burning fire. Store flammable liquids outside and well away from your shelter. Build fires away from overhanging branches, steep slopes, …

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