The armadillo’s back is covered by a shell made up of small plates of bone covered by a layer of leathery skin. The head and tail are protected by similar scales. They have poor eyesight, relying more on their noses and to detect food or predators. Armadillos have sharp claws on the front and back feet.
An adult Armadillo is about the size of an average adult house cat. The weight of an average Armadillo can be from 8-17 pounds. Giant Armadillos can reach up to 130 pounds.
Armadillos can live 12 to 20 years.
Originally Armadillos were native to South America. Humans have aided in transporting the Armadillo to other parts of the country including east of the Andes, from northwestern Venezuela to northeastern Argentina and as far north as Oklahoma and Arkansas.
Armadillos live in burrows. They prefer brush land, woodland and forest habitats but are not limited. As long as there is an area that is warm enough and has an ample supply of bugs to eat, you can find an Armadillo.
An Armadillos diet consists mostly of but is not limited to termites, insects, spiders, worms, larvae, grubs and ants.
Armadillos are nocturnal animals, active at night and sleeping during the day. They are good swimmers and can go quite a distance under water. They are also great diggers. With it’s powerful forelegs it creates the burrows to both live and move around in.
An Armadillo gestation period is about four months. The female gives birth to one or two offspring. Newborns have softer, leathery skin that hardens as they grow older. They can weigh up to four pounds at birth.